First Passenger Trains In America: History, Facts, Photos (2022)

Last revised: June 9, 2022

By: Adam Burns

When where trains invented? In this article we will present a two-part piece covering that subject as well as the topic of early passenger trains.

Far before rail travel was ever conceived in the United States, and the rest of the world, there was few other means to move people and goods.

Overview

For centuries the long proven method of land-based transportation was via four-legged animals (horse, donkey, mule, camel, etc.) while wind or man-powered watercraft were used on rivers, lakes, and oceans. It was not until the steam engine's invention did everything chance.

This device, which came about in the early 18th century, would not find its way to America until the early 1800's, some sixty years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

This was essentially the way things always were throughout human history and changed little until the 19th century.

First Passenger Trains In America: History, Facts, Photos (1)Western Maryland 4-6-2 #208 has only an RPO/baggage and coach as it departs eastbound from the railroad's beautiful station in Cumberland, Maryland on August 23, 1952. Bob Collins photo.

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History

Perhaps the first to recognize the extreme advantages of steam power, at least in the U.S., was inventor Oliver Evans who was quoted in 1819 as saying, “I do verily believe that carriages propelled by steam will come into general use, and travel at the rate of 300 miles a day.

However, all of this changed after 1804 when the first steam locomotive was built by Richard Trevithick and Andrew Vivian for the narrow gauge Penydarren tramway in Wales.

Later, the first American-built example tested on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in 1829, now known famously as the Tom Thumb (while the locomotive, built by Peter Cooper, actually lost the race with the horse [just barely!], it more than proved its ability as a reliable source of mechanical transportation).

Other early steam locomotives that gained fame include the Stourbridge Lion, America, John Bull (all of which came to the U.S. from English builders), and Best Friend of Charleston (more information about these machines can be found in the steam locomotive section).

Thus began the age of steam and a better, more efficient, means of transportation. Not only that but the steam locomotive was also a major driving force in settling America west of the Appalachian Mountains.

In general early passenger trains, especially during the railroad industry's early years, were relatively dangerous. While steam allowed for faster, and a more efficient means of transportation, this did not necessarily translate into a safer way of travel.

Our country’s first railroads like the B&O, Mohawk & Hudson, Albany & Schenectady, South Carolina Canal & Railroad, and others used mostly trial and error in learning what worked and what did not which, unfortunately, sometimes resulted in injuries or deaths.

To make matters worse, shoddy construction practices and lack of government oversight, as railroads raced to build new rail lines and rapidly expand their networks, caused numerous deaths and injuries in the 19th century.

For instance, early railroad roadbed practices involved using simple large stones to support the track structure, which quickly sank into the soil.

This caused tracks to go out of alignment causing derailments.

Also, the early rail designs of iron strap rails on wooden track caused deadly “snake heads” when they worked loose, disintegrating the wooden floors of passenger cars, sometimes killing the occupants inside.

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First Passenger Trains In America: History, Facts, Photos (2)Boston & Albany 4-6-4 #600 (J-2) leads a passenger consist through the Berkshire Mountains of western Massachusetts during the 1950s.

Early passenger trains also suffered from cut-throat businessmen.

As the industry greatly expanded during the 1850s railroad tycoon with endless bank accounts were more interested in earning more money for themselves than concern for public safety (this lack of safety foresight helped bring stiff, arguably overbearing government regulation, which later in the 1960s and 1970s resulted in the near collapse of the industry).

These businessmen included names like Jim Fisk, Daniel Drew, Jay and George Gould, Cornelius Vanderbilt, and others.

Additional problems for early passenger trains included Indian sabotage and attack, particularly an issue in Western states where Native Americans fought for control of their land.

After years of bitter fighting, for better or worse a truce finally came in the way of Native Americans ceding defeat and settling for peace (which resulted in today’s many Indian reservations).

When Were Trains Invented?

When were trains invented? The answer to that question is not as straightforward as it might first seem.

The railroad's creation required more than two centuries of development before George Stephenson is credited with engineering and developing Britain's Stockton & Darlington Railway.

Also a master builder of early steam locomotives, Stephenson designed and constructed its first, the 0-4-0 namedActive (later renamedLocomotion No. 1).

After chugging down the tracks onSeptember 27, 1825 it soon found its way stateside where the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company testedFoster, Rastrick & Company's 0-4-0 Stourbridge Lion less than 4 years later.

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The very first operation which could be described as a railroad was also found in England when a contraption with wooden rails, utilizing wooden ties for later support, was opened in 1630.

It was used solely to handle coal. During the 18th century a number of devices were invented which later found their way into railroad applications, such as iron rails, the flanged wheel, and the steam engine.

Officially, trains were invented when Englishmen Richard Trevithick and Andrew Vivian received a patent for the world's first steam locomotive in 1802.

The little unnamed machine was placed into service on the Penydarren Ironworks' tramway in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales on February 21, 1804.

It hauled 10 tons of iron that day to nearby Abercynon and the railroad officially was born. Once again, however, George Stephenson is credited with placing the first modern railroad into service nearly two decades later, perhaps partially due to the publicity he is given more widespread recognition.

It was also along the Stockton & Darlington Railway is also credited with hauling the first trainload of passengers. That morning in September of 1825 the railroad hauled12 waggons of coal and a waggon of flour bags across the Gaunless Bridge to the bottom of Brusselton West Bank.

After the train arrived at Shildon Lane End, Locomotive # and a rather significant train of 21 additional coal waggons, specially fitted with seats, welcomed nearly 600 patrons!

This was nearly double what officials had planned for as some folks simply rode atop waggons of coal. The Stockton & Darlington proved a grand success and paved the way for the railroad's application in America, as well as around the world!

As the years progressed so too did the track structure and equipment. In 1831, Robert L. Stevens, of the Camden & Amboy Railroad developed the common “T-rail,” which is the design still used exclusively today as railroad rail.

First made of iron it was later produced using much stronger steel. Railroads also found that stone gravel (known as ballast) acted as stronger support base that did not give way like the large stone blocks (as it was much more forgiving).

Other important inventions for early passenger trains (as well as freight transportation) included the knuckle-coupler from Major Eli H. Janney in 1868 - it replaced the deadly link-and-pin system that often times resulted in the maiming of limbs and fingers - and the air-brake from George Westinghouse, introduced a year later in 1869.

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This new device allowed for a constant stream of pressured air that could automatically apply brakes throughout the train instantly, rather than having the brakeman do the dangerous task of walking across car rooftops on a moving train to manually apply brakes to each car.

First Passenger Trains In America: History, Facts, Photos (3)Chesapeake & Ohio 4-8-4 "Greenbrier" #600 (named the "Thomas Jefferson") and 2-8-4 "Kanawha" #2740 (K-4) power the eastbound "Sportsman" out of Clifton Forge, Virginia in 1947. Robert Le Massena photo.

All of these early inventions are still widely used throughout the industry, more than a century later. The early equipment railroads employed was, naturally, quite primitive with passenger cars comprised mostly of simple horse-drawn stagecoaches with iron wheel axles simply attached to the bottoms.

Technological Improvements

Technologies quickly improved with two-axle trucks (these devices usually employ two wheel axles situated within a cast frame to support the car as well as provide cushioning for the ride via springs and suspension) becoming standard by the 1830s with the common passenger coach (a long, corridor-like car with seating to either side with an aisle in the center) also developed during the same decade.

With this foundation of equipment introduced by 1850 for early passenger trains, and the industry as a whole, new and better technologies helped make traveling by rail more comfortable, efficient, and faster (although safety and comfort would continue to improve in the succeeding years).

First Passenger Trains In America: History, Facts, Photos (4)Santa Fe 4-8-4 #3758 pulls into Santa Ana, California with a fan trip on July 3, 1952. Tom Gildersleeve photo.

Pullman Palace Car Company

These included specialized cars like diners, sleepers, club cars, parlor cars, and observations. Likely the most famous passenger cars to ever grace the rails were those built by George Pullman and his Pullman Palace Car Company, which began building cars in 1867 (later reorganized as just the Pullman Car Company).

Its base of operations was Pullman, Illinois and its cars would become legendary by the peak of passenger rail travel in the late 19th century through the mid-1940s. While the company is perhaps most famous for its sleepers it also built other types of cars like parlors and diners.

By the 20th century, particularly by the 1920s, rail travel was truly becoming a smooth, comfortable experience; cars were stronger (steel, and later aluminum was used), quieter, and offered an increasing level of amenities and accommodations. To read more about the streamlined era please click here.

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FAQs

What was the first passenger train in America? ›

1827: The first railroad in North America — the Baltimore & Ohio — is chartered by Baltimore merchants. 1830: The first regularly-scheduled steam-powered rail passenger service in the U.S. begins operation in South Carolina, utilizing the U.S.-built locomotive The Best Friend of Charleston.

When was the 1st passenger train? ›

On 16th April 1853, the first passenger train ran between Bori Bunder (Bombay) and Thane, a distance of 34 km. It was operated by three locomotives, named Sahib, Sultan and Sindh, and had thirteen carriages.

When was the 1st train invented? ›

The first full-scale working railway steam locomotive was built in the United Kingdom in 1804 by Richard Trevithick, a British engineer born in Cornwall.

What was the first train ever made? ›

1804 - First steam locomotive railway using a locomotive called the Penydarren or Pen-y-Darren was built by Richard Trevithick. It was used to haul iron from Merthyr Tydfil to Abercynon, Wales. The first train carried a load of 10 tons of iron. On one occasion it successfully hauled 25 tons.

Who built the first train in America? ›

John Stevens is considered to be the father of American railroads. In 1826 Stevens demonstrated the feasibility of steam locomotion on a circular experimental track constructed on his estate in Hoboken, New Jersey, three years before George Stephenson perfected a practical steam locomotive in England.

How fast was the first train? ›

When Englishman Richard Trevithick launched the first practical steam locomotive in 1804, it averaged less than 10 mph. Today, several high-speed rail lines are regularly travelling 30 times as fast.

Where was the first passenger train built? ›

Stockton & Darlington Railway, in England, first railway in the world to operate freight and passenger service with steam traction.

Where did the first train run? ›

On 16 April 1853, the first train in India was to run between Bori Bunder, Bombay (now Mumbai), and Thane at a distance of around 34 km. The network to about 14,500 Km was developed in 1880 around the three major port cities of Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta.

When and where did the first passenger train run? ›

On April 16, 1853, the Indian subcontinent saw its first ever passenger train journey. Four hundred lucky guests had signed up for a historic trip from Mumbai's Bori Bunder to Thane in Maharashtra, on a train run by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway.

Who invented the first passenger train? ›

Locomotion No. 1 was built by George Stephenson at his son Robert's company, the Robert Stephenson and Company. George Stephenson drove the first train. The engine was called Active (later renamed Locomotion).

What type of power did the first trains use? ›

In 1802, Richard Trevithick patented a "high pressure engine" and created the first steam-powered locomotive engine on rails. Trevithick wrote on February 21, 1804, after the trial of his High Pressure Tram-Engine, that he "carry'd ten tons of Iron, five wagons, and 70 Men...

When did trains become popular in America? ›

[Between 1828 and 1869] Americans integrated the railroad into the national economy and enfolded it within the sublime. Travel became much easier, cheaper and more common. Shoppers from small towns could make day trips to big city stores.

What is the oldest railroad in America? ›

The Strasburg Rail Road is the oldest operating railroad in the United States. Founded in 1832, it is known as a short line and is only seven kilometers long.

What was used before trains? ›

Introduction of the Locomotive

The earlier forms of transportation were human- or horse-powered. Wagonways and hand propelled cars were used from the 1500s through the time locomotives were introduced.

How long did it take to travel by train in the 1800s? ›

The author was just one of the thousands of people who flocked to the Transcontinental Railroad beginning in 1869. The railroad, which stretched nearly 2,000 miles between Iowa, Nebraska and California, reduced travel time across the West from about six months by wagon or 25 days by stagecoach to just four days.

How old is a train? ›

Trains have been a popular form of transportation since the 19th century. When the first steam train was built in 1804, people were worried that the speed would make rail passengers unable to breathe or that they would be shaken unconscious by the vibrations.

Did trains come before cars? ›

The first railway opened in the 1830s and connected Liverpool to Manchester. The first automobiles began appearing in the late 19th century. It was not until after the first World Ward that they became cheap enough to produce in mass.

Which is the first railway line in world? ›

The first railway line in the world dates back to 1825, when George Stephenson connected the towns of Stockton and Darlington in England by rail. The line was intended to transport coal. The wagons were pulled by steam engines. Passengers were transported by horse-drawn carriages.

Are passenger trains running 2022? ›

The regular services of train No. 15078/15077 Gomtinagar – Kamakhya – Gomtinagar weekly express has been resumed leaving Gomtinagar w.e.f. 10-01-2022 and leaving Kamakhya w.e.f. 11-01-2022. Train No. 15078 will leave Gomtinagar at 10-00 hours on every Monday to reach Kamakhya at 15-30 hours on the next day.

How much distance was Travelled by first train of India? ›

On 16th April 1853, the first passenger train service begun between the stations of Bori Bunder in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Thane. The train travelled a distance of 34 kilometres taking a time of around 25 minutes.

How were old train cars heated? ›

High pressure steam

The use of steam from the locomotive to heat cars was first employed in the late 19th century. High pressure steam from the locomotive was passed through the train via pipes and hoses.

What did the American first railroads carry? ›

The first railroads carried goods and people. Major exports like cotton from the South were carried on railroads to shipping ports to be exported,...

How did trains change the world? ›

From their start in England in 1830, railroads spread like kudzu across the globe. They unified countries, created great fortunes, enabled the growth of new industries, and thoroughly revolutionized life in every place they ran.

What is the oldest railroad in America? ›

The Strasburg Rail Road is the oldest operating railroad in the United States. Founded in 1832, it is known as a short line and is only seven kilometers long.

How long did it take to travel by train in the 1800s? ›

The author was just one of the thousands of people who flocked to the Transcontinental Railroad beginning in 1869. The railroad, which stretched nearly 2,000 miles between Iowa, Nebraska and California, reduced travel time across the West from about six months by wagon or 25 days by stagecoach to just four days.

Who designed the first passenger train? ›

The country's first passenger train, which ran between Bombay's Bori Bunder station and Thane on 16 April 1853, was dedicated by Lord Dalhousie. The 14-carriage train was hauled by three steam locomotives: the Sahib, Sindh, and Sultan.

Who built the first railroad? ›

The railroad was first developed in Great Britain. A man named George Stephenson successfully applied the steam technology of the day and created the world's first successful locomotive. The first engines used in the United States were purchased from the Stephenson Works in England.

What did the American first railroads carry? ›

The first railroads carried goods and people. Major exports like cotton from the South were carried on railroads to shipping ports to be exported,...

Where was the first train station in the United States? ›

On January 7, 1830, America's first major railroad station was opened in Baltimore as the eastern terminus of the recently formed Baltimore and Ohio (B & O) Railroad. The B&O connected the Baltimore seaport and points in the mid-Atlantic with the Midwest.

How much did a train ticket cost in 1870? ›

In 1870 it took approximately seven days and cost as little as $65 for a ticket on the transcontinental line from New York to San Francisco; $136 for first class in a Pullman sleeping car; $110 for second class; and $65 for a space on a third- or “emigrant”-class bench.

How much did a train cost in the 1800s? ›

Rail travel may even be cheaper today, in real terms, than 150 years ago. With $1.30 in 1860 equaling about $35 today, Amtrak's $11 Baltimore-Washington fare looks like a bargain. One travel reality hasn't changed: the toll of war.

How long did it take to travel from New York to California by train? ›

Trip Summary

Traveling by train from New York to Los Angeles usually takes around 77 hours and 55 minutes, but the fastest Amtrak train can make the trip in 67 hours and 20 minutes.

When and where did the first passenger train run? ›

On April 16, 1853, the Indian subcontinent saw its first ever passenger train journey. Four hundred lucky guests had signed up for a historic trip from Mumbai's Bori Bunder to Thane in Maharashtra, on a train run by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway.

Interested in learning much more about out nation's rail history as well who invented the iron horse and when? Find it all here.

Railroad history in the United States is nearly as old as the country itself, dating back to the mid-1820s.. Unable to set their own freight rates, abandon unprofitable routes, or rid themselves of money-losing passenger trains many were on the brink of collapse by the 1970s; names like the Penn Central, Rock Island, Milwaukee Road, Reading, Jersey Central, and others.. While the steam locomotive had proven its worth on the South Carolina road the B&O is recognized as our nation's first common carrier (a corporate entity which is expected to haul anything, within reason, offered to it by the general public).. Even after development of modern "T"-rail, old strap-iron rail was still used for many years.. All modern locomotives and automobiles can trace their heritage back to this machine.. Mr. George Stephenson, a well-known builder of early steam locomotives, was also heavily involved in this project: he surveyed the route, gauged the rails to 4 feet, 8 inches (only a 1/2-inch narrower from the width which would later be recognized worldwide as standard-gauge); and, of course, furnished the locomotives.. Without the Pacific Railway Act our country's history would likely be very different as rail travel opened the west to new economic opportunities.. After the Transcontinental Railroad's completion the industry exploded; by the 1890s there were more than 163,000 miles in operation.. Author's collection.. In response, the so-called mega-merger movement was launched in the 1950s in an attempt to cut costs through consolidation.. Before Penn Central was folded into Conrail, Federal Railroad Administrator John Ingram highlighted the difficulty for any railroad to abandon an unprofitable branch.

While the advent of train travel altered previously held concepts of time and distance, learn about 10 railways and train journeys that also changed the course of history.

“Views of the Most Interesting Scenery on the Line of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.” (Credit: SSPL/Getty Images). Capable of traveling 30 miles per hour, Liverpool and Manchester Railway trains carried more than 500,000 passengers in the first year of operation, resulting in generous dividends to investors.. (Credit: George Rinhart/Getty Images). In 1827, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad became the first American company to be granted a charter to transport both passengers and freight, and it was the first American railway to employ steam locomotives to carry both passengers and freight on a regular schedule.. Rail tracks linked the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for the first time when the Panama Railway was completed in 1855.. The 50-mile railroad eased the arduous journey across the Panamanian isthmus for passengers who traveled by sea between the East and West Coasts of the United States, and it became popular with the tens of thousands of prospectors seeking riches from the California Gold Rush in the years before the completion of the transcontinental railroad in the United States.. The engine was one of several used to carry Lincoln’s body from Washington, D.C., to Springfield, Ill. (Photo by Buyenlarge/Getty Images). The railway age reached new heights when trains began to operate at unprecedented depths below the streets of London on January 10, 1863, with the inauguration of the Metropolitan Underground Railway.. The United States truly became united when a sledgehammer pounded a ceremonial golden spike into the ground of Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, to complete the country’s first transcontinental railway.. Trans-siberian Railway.. (Credit: Wolfgang Kaehler/LightRocket/Getty Images). The Communists used the railroad to consolidate power during the civil war that followed the Russian Revolution and to rush fresh soldiers to the battlefront during World War II .. During World War II, the German National Railway oversaw the forcible deportation of Jews and other Holocaust victims from Nazi ghettos to concentration camps such as Treblinka and Auschwitz where six million people were systematically murdered.. Train travel entered a new era with the completion of a high-speed rail line between Tokyo and Osaka that sliced in half the travel time between the two cities.

The swift, often comfortable ride on the Transcontinental Railroad opened up the American West to new settlement.

Just a few years before, the author would have had to rely on a bumpy stagecoach or a covered wagon to tackle a journey that took months.. The railroad, which stretched nearly 2,000 miles between Iowa, Nebraska and California, reduced travel time across the West from about six months by wagon or 25 days by stagecoach to just four days.. The completion of the Transcontinental Railroad, originally the Pacific Railroad.. First-class passengers reveled in what they saw as the comfort and modernity of the trains themselves.. The train cars were “a constant delight,” wrote Henry T. Williams in an 1876 guide to railroad travel in the West.. Williams was referring to Pullman palace cars, ornate train cars used for first-class passengers on the Union Pacific railroad.. “Before [Pullman’s] first palace cars few enough Americans had any least conception of what constituted true luxury,” he wrote ; “three decades of first-hand contact with the manifestations of opulence available aboard the cars created a universal demand for rich living which had a profound effect on the American economy and national way of life which has not yet disappeared.”. But the Pullman cars helped calm the fears of those who did not like to see women stepping outside their “separate sphere” of home and family.. Chinese immigrants who helped build the Transcontinental Railroad.. But rich travelers were not the only people who rode the new trains.. When British author Robert Lewis Stevenson rode the train in 1879, he noted that there was an entire car just for Chinese passengers.. From the 1860s, all of the porters in Pullman cars were Black men.. The railroad changed life forever, enabling white settlement in areas of the West once considered desolate and forbidding and making it possible for people to strike out on the frontier without the dangers of months of travel in the open air.

Find a summary, definition and facts about the Railroads in the 1800s for kids. The history and significance the Railroads in the 1800s. Facts about transportation and the Railroads in the 1800s for kids, children, homework and schools.

He is considered to be the inventor of the first steam locomotive engine for railways.● 1825: Colonel John Stevens is considered to be the father of American railroads and designed and built a steam locomotive capable of hauling several passenger cars in Hoboken, New Jersey● 1828: The first operational locomotive on an American railroad was the Stourbridge Lion.. The Railroads in the 1800s for kids - The Transcontinental Railroad An historic event in the history of the railroads in the 1800s occurred on May 10, 1869.. For additional facts refer to the History of Urbanization in America ● Many industrialist acquired great wealth, the unscrupulous businessmen were referred to as Robber Barons ● It increased trade by providing the means for transporting agricultural products and manufactured goods across the country and to the eastern seaboard for export to Europe● The construction of the railroads was a feat of U.S. engineering and a source of great national pride to the United States● The " Underground Railroad " escape route for slaves was also established in 1831 and used railroad terminology for its secret codes● The Civil War heralded the use of railroads as a Important means of transporting troops and supplies and the wounded in hospital trains.. Railroads in the 1800s Fact 4: By 1860 there were more than 30,000 miles of railroad in actual operation Railroads in the 1800s Fact 5: The US rail network grew from 35,000 miles to a peak of 254,000 miles in 1916.. Railroads in the 1800s Fact 10: In 1833 Andrew Jackson traveled from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills, becoming the first U.S. president to ride on the railroad Railroads in the 1800s Fact 11: Speculators in the 1850s bought land hoping that a railroad would come through an area and they could then resell the land at a much higher price.. Refer to Transcontinental Railroad Railroads in the 1800s Fact 15: In 1887 Railroads became the first U.S.. Railroads in the 1800s Fact 17: The first Pullman Sleeping Car went into service in 1859 Railroads in the 1800s Fact 18: Railroads were faster and cheaper than canals to construct, and they did not freeze over in the winter so became the favored form of transportation. Pinkerton guards were hired by the companies to break up the strikes - refer to the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Railroads in the 1800s Fact 20: The railroads were shut down during the great railroad strike of 1894 and the true importance of the railroads was fully realized.. ● Facts about the Railroads in the 1800s for kids and schools● Facts about the construction of the railroads● Facts about trains and Railroads in the 1800s● John Quincy Adams Presidency from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829● Fast, fun, interesting facts about the Railroads in the 1800s● Foreign & Domestic policies of President John Quincy Adams● John Quincy Adams Presidency and the significance of the Railroads in the 1800s for schools, homework, kids and children

The first subway in America was built in Boston, Massachusetts in 1897. The Boston subway was built during the second phase of the Industrial Revolution in Massachusetts  and was very much a product of the technological advances made during that time, according to the book Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Architecture:…

This would allow the subway to run on the surface streets in the less congested areas of the city and underground in the more congested areas to reduce street traffic above.. The second act allowed for the formation of a Board of Subway Commissioners that was authorized to lay out and construct a subway from Tremont Street to Pleasant Street.. The members of the Boston Transit Commission were:. While planning the layout of the Boston Subway, the Boston Transit Commission became aware that parts of the Central Burying Ground near Boylston Street possibly lay in the path of the subway.. According to testimony given by George G. Crocker, Chairman of the Boston Transit Commission, to the members of British Parliament in October of 1903 (Britain was considering building an elevated railway in London and sought the advice of the Boston Transit Commission) the initial reaction to the idea of a subway in Boston was negative:. Workers building the Boston subway in 1895. Green reported that at least 90 bodies were found in seven tombs, which had not been previously disturbed, and 820 bodies were found scattered around in the ground, resulting in a total of 910 bodies.. “Here were interred the remains of persons found under the Boylston Street Mall during the digging of the Subway, 1895”. The underground stations were connected to trolley tracks on the city streets and later to elevated tracks above the city streets.. The two-track subway line between Park Street and Tremont street and the four-track subway line between Boylston street and Park street was finished in the summer of 1897 and opened to the public on September 1, 1897.. A four track triangle-shaped subway line from Pleasant street to Boylston street and a four track subway line from Tremont street to Hollis street and a two-track subway line from Hollis street to Boylston street was completed shortly after and opened on September 30, 1897.. Additional lines and stations have been added throughout the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries.. When the Boston Transit Commission undertook the construction of the subway, in order to build the thing economically they followed the lines of the streets, and they are so crooked that you cannot run trains fast in the subway.

The United States had several famous trains during its long history of railroad transport, but none received more attention and popularity than the 20th Century Limited – an express passenger train that ran the route between New York City and Chicago from 1902 to 1967. During its time of operation, it not only significantly shortened travel time between those two cities, but it also catered upper classes of passengers (richer or business travelers) that expected a certain level of high-end service during their trips. 20th Century Limited train catered to their needs by offering high-class catering, fast travel, premium logging, and red carpet boarding and exiting on the stations in NYC's Grand Central Terminal station and Chicago's LaSalle Street Station. 1938 version of the 20th Century Limited was rated by many as the ultimate ground-based passenger travel service of that time.

The United States had several famous trains during its long history of railroad transport, but none received more attention and popularity than. the 20th Century Limited – an express passenger train that. ran the route between New York City and Chicago from 1902 to 1967.. During. its time of operation, it not only significantly shortened travel time. between those two cities, but it also catered upper classes of passengers. (richer or business travelers) that expected a certain level of high-end. service during their trips.. 20th Century Limited train catered to their. needs by offering high-class catering, fast travel, premium logging, and. red carpet boarding and exiting on the stations in NYC's Grand Central. Terminal station and Chicago's LaSalle Street Station.. Orient Express is without the doubt one of the most famous trains of all time.. The train was built and maintained as one of the. most premium railway trains in the world at that time, offering high-end. service and comfort for wealthy and business passengers that traveled. between cities of Paris and Istanbul (then known as Constantinople).. The art of luxury travel that was practiced by the CIWL company (who. created and operated the lines of Orient Express and Golden Arrow) was. perfected with Blue Train .. The great. success of the commercial use of TGV in 1981 caused large expansion of. high-speed railway lines across the France.. Currently, the travel time of Eurostar between those cities is 2. hours and 15 minutes.. Indian Pacific – In addition to Ghan which connects Adelaide and Darwin from south to. north coast of Australia, this large country also has a large train route. that connects it from west to east.. The journey across the 3960 km of Australian desert lasts three. days, which includes the travel across the longest stretch of perfectly. straight railway track in the world (477 kilometers).. Peruvian Central Railway train line gained fame across the world for being the highest altitude. train line in the world.. Maharajas’ Express from India is regarded today as one of the most luxurious trains ever. created.. It offers truly state of the art facilities and amenities, and. even “Presidential Suite” - a train car dedicated to one passenger.

Passenger Trains facts like When his eight years as President of the United States ended on January 20, 1953, private citizen Harry Truman took the train home to Independence, Missouri, mingling with other passengers along the way. He had no secret service protection. His only income was an Army pension.

In my opinion, it is useful to put together a list of the most interesting details from trusted sources that I've come across.. Rather than making scheduled station stops, it operates as a flag-stop meaning passengers in this remote area can simply wave the train down to stop.. In over 50 years and 10 billion passengers, the Japanese bullet train has never had a single passenger fatality caused by a derailment or collision.. Delays that are over an hour will also appear on the news.. If a Train delays over an hour, its reported on the news.. What are the best facts about Passenger Trains?. New York City officials admitted they forgot about a stalled train during the 2010 blizzard, which left dozens of passengers stranded for 7 hours.. In 50 years and after transporting 10 billion passengers the Japanese Bullet train has had zero fatalities in collisions and derailements - source. Casey Jones, a railroad engineer who died in a train crash.. Postal Service switched from using passenger trains to transport the majority of mail to using trucks and airplanes.. This was the worst rail disaster in history.. Over its 50+ year history, not a single one of the 5.3 billion passengers of the Japanese Shinkansen have suffered an injury due to train accidents. Two rescuers died trying to reach them.. A train system was built that connects France and the UK via a tunnel called the Channel Tunnel.

They were central to the spread of the industrial revolution, helping to make Britain one of the most powerful nations in the world. How much do you know about the history of steam trains and rail travel in Britain?

Unfortunately, Stephenson’s engines proved so unreliable that horses were the mainstay for the first few years – and the railway age only really built up a head of steam with the completion of the Liverpool & Manchester line.. After a monumental effort from thousands of hard-working, hard-drinking navvies to construct the line, and a very public competition to decide on the best locomotive, the world’s first steam-hauled, twin-tracked railway opened to great fanfare on 15 September 1830, with Stephenson’s Rocket leading the way.. Previous lines had been open to fee-paying passengers, but within a short period the Liverpool & Manchester Railway was primarily a passenger service – and the first to rely solely on steam locomotion.. Housed in Liverpool Road station, the original terminus for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway, the Museum of Science and Industry hosts a permanent exhibition on the construction and early years of the railway.. The imposing statue that today surveys the main hall at the National Railway Museum (NRM) in York once overlooked the Great Hall at Euston station, the original terminus of the London & Birmingham Railway, which was established in 1833 and overseen by the great man’s son, Robert Stephenson.. The largest museum of its kind in the world, the NRM tells the story of railways from the early 19th century to the present day, houses a vast array of railway artefacts and a full-size replica of Stephenson’s most famous engine, the Rocket.. Stephenson’s main rival for the title of greatest railway engineer was Isambard Kingdom Brunel , the driving force behind the Great Western Railway (GWR), an ambitious venture linking London and Bristol, approved in 1835.. The Great Western Railway had already adopted standardised time, but it was the Railway Clearing House – a body set up to apportion financial receipts among the many private railway companies – that set the pace elsewhere.. These were the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS), running up the West Coast line, and the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER), running up the East.. A slow starter in railway history, China has invested huge amounts in steam technology, building main line steam locomotives right up to 1988.

By Stephen Miller Stephen is currently studying a Bachelor of Arts at the UON. During Semester 1, 2018 he undertook a Work Integrated Learning (WIL) placement in the GLAMx Living Histories Digitisation Lab digitising part of the NBN Television audio-visual footage. Stephen’s knowledge of rail and transport of the region has been invaluable in identifying … More THE HISTORY OF RAIL SERVICES IN THE HUNTER VALLEY

The first railway in the Hunter Valley was constructed between Newcastle and East Maitland by a private organisation known as the Hunter River Railway Company.. During the early years of railway in NSW, the railway system in northern NSW was isolated from the rest of the network, because there was no bridge across the Hawkesbury River until 1889 .. The 38s continued operation on the Newcastle Express and worked along side the early diesels into the 1960s.. Despite the demise of steam, the Newcastle Express continued operation into the 1970s and 1980s, mostly hauled by electric locomotives between Sydney and Gosford and diesel-electric locomotives between Gosford and Newcastle.. In addition to the fleet of main line locomotives, the Railways also ordered 165 examples of the 48 Class locomotives to dieselise branch lines such as the Merriwa Line.. For a brief period, the South Maitland Railways introduced a fleet of diesel rail motors to provide a passenger service between Maitland and Cessnock.. Diesel locomotives also replaced steam locomotives at the Newcastle steelworks.. Passenger services were placed into the hands of either diesel locomotive-hauled passenger trains or diesel railcars between Newcastle, Toronto, Gosford, Maitland, Dungog and Scone, whereas the region’s goods and coal trains were completely hauled by the State’s diesel-electric locomotives.. Courtesy: Stephen MillerThroughout the 1960s, goods trains and locomotive-hauled passenger trains were mainly hauled by electric locomotives between Sydney to Gosford and trains travelling between Gosford to Newcastle and beyond, were either steam or diesel hauled between Gosford and Newcastle.. From this date, passenger services between Sydney and Newcastle were mainly provided by Interurban electric trains.. Between 1984 and 1995, goods trains between Broadmeadow and Sydney were electrically-hauled, whereas diesel locomotives replaced electric locomotives for the journey north of Broadmeadow.. Fortunately, the main rail link from Maitland to Cessnock remains intact, however the remaining South Maitland and Richmond Vale networks have been abandoned to the Australian bush.. Newcastle Express: Australian Trains.. Burwood NSW: NSW Rail Transport Museum, 1989.

The Transcontinental Railroad changed the course of American history when it was completed in 1869. Learn 5 facts about the Transcontinental Railroad.

He signed the Pacific Railway Act into law on July 1, 1862, committing federal resources to the ambitious plan to build a continuous rail line from the Atlantic to the Pacific.. When it was passed by Congress in 1862, the Pacific Railway Act permitted two companies to begin construction on the Transcontinental Railroad.. The Central Pacific Railroad, which had already built the first railroad west of the Mississippi, was hired to forge the path east from Sacramento.. The Union Pacific Railroad was granted the contract to lay track from Council Bluffs, Iowa west.. The Union Pacific Railroad only managed to lay 40 miles of track by the end of 1865, but with the Civil War drawing to a close, they could finally build a workforce equal to the task at hand.. The Central Pacific Railroad, which took on the nearly impossible task of building a rail line through the Sierra Nevadas, gets credit for 15 of the toughest tunnels ever constructed.. The Central Pacific work crews had made their way through the treacherous mountains and were averaging a mile of track per day east of Reno, Nevada.. The Union Pacific workers had laid their rails across the Sherman Summit, a full 8,242 feet above sea level, and constructed a trestle bridge spanning 650 feet across the Dale Creek in Wyoming.. Charles Crocker, the construction supervisor for the Central Pacific, bet his counterpart at the Union Pacific, Thomas Durant, that his crew could lay the most track in a single day.

From horses to spaceships, the journey of man's quest to get around has been spurred on by ingenuity and moments of awe.

The following is a brief history of transportation, dating from the first vehicles 900,000 years ago to modern-day times.. Those who colonized Australia roughly 60,000–40,000 years ago have been credited as the first people to cross the sea, though there is some evidence that seafaring trips were carried out as far back as 900,000 years ago.. Evidence for these floating vehicles comes from artifacts that date back to around 10,000–7,000 years ago.. While it’s difficult to pinpoint exactly when humans first began domesticating them as a means of getting around and transporting goods, experts generally go by the emergence of certain human biological and cultural markers that indicate when such practices started to take place.. Back in 1769, another Frenchman named Nicolas Joseph Cugnot attempted to adapt steam engine technology to a road vehicle—the result was the invention of the first automobile .. Another effort to repurpose the steam engine for a different means of personal transport resulted in the "Roper Steam Velocipede.". One mode of land transport powered by a steam engine that did go mainstream was the locomotive.. It was three years later that Trevithick first demonstrated a locomotive that ran on rails, and another one that hauled 10 tons of iron to the community of Penydarren, Wales, to a small village called Abercynon.. It took a fellow Brit—a civil and mechanical engineer named George Stephenson—to turn locomotives into a form of mass transport.. In 1812, Matthew Murray of Holbeck designed and built the first commercially successful steam locomotive, “The Salamanca,” and Stephenson wanted to take the technology a step further.. By 1824, Stephenson improved the efficiency of his locomotive designs to where he was commissioned by the Stockton and Darlington Railway to build the first steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the aptly named "Locomotion No.. Six years later, he opened the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the first public inter-city railway line serviced by steam locomotives.. Built by a Spanish engineer and sailor named Isaac Peral, it was equipped with a torpedo tube, two torpedoes, an air regeneration system, and the first fully reliable underwater navigation system, and it posted an underwater speed of 3.5 miles per hour.. The start of the twentieth century was truly the dawn of a new era in the history of transportation as two American brothers, Orville and Wilbur Wright, pulled off the first official powered flight in 1903.. Transport via aircraft took off from there with airplanes being put into service within a few short years during World War I.

How fast did early trains go? In the early days of  British railways, trains ran up to 78 mph by the year 1850. However, they ran…

As railway technology and infrastructure progressed, train speed increased accordingly.. Many early trains in the U.S., especially in the west, traveled no faster than 25 mph, and although accidents were prevalent, little damage was done at such low speeds.. Most rail used was called strap rail, and would allow trains to travel at only 10-12mph.. Syd Young Types of Rail and Running Gear In the early days of rail travel, much debate centered around which type of rail infrastructure would be used.. Deciding which type of rail to be used greatly affected train speeds.. As railways evolved and speeds increased, cast iron rails began to be utilized, however, these rails were weak,and prone to cracking under the immense weight of a steam locomotive.. While using cast iron rails, speeds were generally no quicker than 20mph, however, it is difficult to determine exact speeds.. It was not until the steel rail was implemented in 1857, that trains began traveling at speeds of up to 60 mph in both the U.S. and Britain.

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